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Korean Terminology

Korean Term English Description
Stances:
Cha-ryut Attention
Jun-bi Ready position
Ba-ro Return to ready position
Chun-gool-jaseh Front stance
Hu-gul-jaseh Cat stance/back stance
Kee-mah jaseh Horse stance
Dae-ryun-jaseh Fighting/sparring stance
Blocks (Defenses):
Ha-dan-mak-ki Down defense
Sang-dan-mak-ki Upper defense
Ahn-ero-mak-ki Inside defense
Pak-ero-mak-ki Outside defense
Joong-dan-soo-do Knife hand middle defense
Ha-dan-soo-do Knife hand down defense
Joong-dan-sang-soo-mak-ki Double fist middle defense
Ha-san-sang-soo-mak-ki Double fist down defense
Yup-mak-ki Side defense in cat stance
Hand Attacks:
Joong-dan-kong-kyuk Middle punch
Sang-dan-kong-kyuk High punch
Hweng-jin-kong-kyuk Side attack (punch) in horse stance
Kwan-soo-kong kyuk Spear hand thrust
Kicks:
Ap-uro-oligi Front stretch kick
Ap-cha-kee Front snap kick
Yup-cha-kee Side kick
Dol-ryo-cha-kee Round house /swing kick
Dwee-cha-kee Back kick
E-dan Jumping (all jumping kicks start with this term)
Gul-lah Sliding (all sliding kicks start with this term)
Miscellaneous:
Ki-hap Yell, shout
Kuk-gi Korean national flag
Kwan-jang-nim Grand Master/Chief Instructor
Bu-kwan-jang-nim Master/Chief Instructor
Sa-bum-nim 4th degree or higher instructor
Cho-kyo-nim 1st, 2nd, or 3rd degree instructor
Kyung-yet Bow
Kyuk-pa Breaking Techniques
Muk-nyum Meditation
Kuk-gi-e-dae-ha-yau-kung-net Salute the flag
Go-mop-sum-ni-da Thank you